Technology definition can be defined as the application of science and technology to enhance human performance by producing systems that meet an essential or desired need. In the broadest sense, technology can be regarded as the application of science and technology to improve the quality of any process involved or to increase the efficiency by a factor of ten. Technological change is therefore both global and regional in nature. It has affected all domains of human activity, ranging from common day affairs to space technologies. Technological change is an important aspect of our lives, yet very few of us are able to identify its impact on society and the environment.
Technological definition is extremely important in determining societal changes and issues. Technological developments can either contribute to or deter from development. Technological change can have both positive and negative effects. Technological change is therefore a complex phenomenon, which requires a wide range of disciplines including anthropology, engineering, business, communications, computer science, and engineering physics to determine its overall impact on society and the economy. Unfortunately, there is currently no agreed upon definition of technology.
The use of technology in daily life has increased dramatically during the past two centuries. Two hundred years ago, it was difficult to buy books, prints, or newspapers. Now we can access them anywhere. We can even listen to radio programs from around the world. All these advancements have contributed to the advance of society, allowing people to participate in markets and business practices beyond their dreams.
Technological change is an ever-evolving field, whose definition is continually shifting as the technology develops and becomes more widespread. For example, transportation became a nationwide problem in the early twentieth century, when mass production techniques were developed to build cars. Just a few decades later, self-propelled vehicles made it possible for the general public to drive cars, trucks, buses, and vans. Similarly, the telecommunications industry and computer industries have developed several technologies over the past fifty years that have changed the way we communicate and interact with each other and the world. These changes have sparked a variety of political debates about the definition of technology.
One of the most debated issues concerning the definition of technology is whether or not new technology changes the definition of technology. Proponents of technology definitions argue that any technology that alters the nature of methods and practices that are already present is considered technology. The definition of technology is thus based on changing existing practices and systems. Proponents of a narrow definition of technology believe that because new information and communication technologies have resulted in societal improvements, all forms of prior art and information cannot be removed from the definition.
Technologists disagree. They point out that regardless of how new or old a technology might be, it changes the way we live our lives. For instance, changes in communication and transportation technology, brought about by digital technology, have allowed people to live much more efficiently and productively. In addition, because technology allows instantaneous exchange of information, it has allowed for rapid cultural change. For example, film-makers are able to edit and tweak their films within minutes instead of months; they can shoot a scene in real time instead of days; and they can distribute the finished product digitally.
When deciding which definition of technology best describes society, it is important to consider not only its effects on the specific technology in hand but the society as a whole. To some, changes to technology affect only the specific technology, while others view the definition of technology in its entirety. As technology changes and grows, society also changes. Thus, the definition of technology is determined not only by individual technological artifacts but also by societal institutions and practices.
In order for any definition of technology to be meaningful, it must take into consideration not only individual technological artifacts but also the society in which they are produced. Only when these two are taken into account will the true meaning of technology be defined. Technology definition must be considered not just as a descriptive word, but as a sociological one as well. By considering both the technological and societal definition of technology, we can better understand the relationship between technology and society.