What is technology? Many individuals have different answers to this question, but one thing is for certain. Technology affects every aspect of our lives, including how we communicate, create information, work, and survive in society. Today, technology plays a greater role in every aspect of our lives from transportation to education and healthcare. In this article, I will be discussing what is technology, its impact on society, and how it can benefit you.
Technology is the collective term used to describe a range of activities and practices, most often using the context of computers, telecommunications, and information systems. Technology is defined by Oxford Dictionary as the “abundance of things already done or available at present times”. So, what is technology? In this article, I will be discussing what is technology, its definition, and its impact on society.
The definitions of technology are almost as wide as the definitions of people. The Institute of Technology in Society defines tech-nology as “the process of creating new products and processes based on scientific principles”. There are also definitions from the Oxford Dictionary and The American Heritage Dictionary that describe tech-nology as a set of technological practices or objects that have increased the capability of human thought and activities.
A technical definition is more descriptive than a philosophical definition. The definitions in this article fall into two broad categories: philosophical and pragmatic. The first classification is the consensus definition. The second, the pragmatist’s definition, is not a philosophical belief but a list of practices and objects that have been used by practitioners throughout history. To compare these two definitions, let’s compare the definitions of the word technology found in the Oxford Dictionary and the Abridal Definition.
In the dictionary, the meaning of technology is “the application of scientific and mathematical principles to useful output”. This is an accurate definition, but it also is very broad. For instance, cars, boats, electrical appliances, transportation systems, and communications are all included in the list of what is technology according to the Oxford Dictionary but not in the list of what is applied science. Applied science, on the other hand, is a much larger discipline that encompasses many disciplines including philosophy, politics, engineering, and physics.
The most common definition of tech-nology is as the result of an organized effort to use new discoveries and resources to improve existing processes and to build better and more efficient means of production. The research and experimentation that produce these improvements are known as technology. Proponents of technological systems point out that humans have been able to improve their systems over time through their accumulated knowledge of how to do things, through trial and error, and through the application of scientific and mathematical principles. The adoption of new knowledge and the improvement of existing processes is what is called technological change. Proponents of the definition point out that without the help of such forces as technology, human societies and their economies would crumble.
There is one major problem with the tech-nology definition however. It doesn’t describe what science is. Science, according to the consensus definition, is the study of nature. It is concerned with finding patterns, discovering relationships, making statistical comparisons, and drawing general conclusions about the world around us. Those who teach the subject see chapter 11 of the United States Missionary School Dictionary as being a definitive book about technological systems but they are wrong.
In fact, the United States Missionary School Dictionary gives the definition of tech-nology as “the application of scientific and mathematical principles to practical ends such as the improvement of methods of transportation, electronics, and information systems.” That’s not a definition of science but it’s a very good description of what the definition covers. The reportative definitions don’t apply because the purpose of science isn’t to make generalizations or predict future situations. Those who teach consensus based education don’t want to see technology predict the future. They want to see how it affects society so they can improve systems to provide humans with the tools they need to enhance the quality of life.